Different cultures, societies and religions have different theories and stories about the creation of Earth and the nature, humans and animals that inhabit it . However we find that many of these stories contain features , ideas , or themes that are very much alike. The darkness that was present before Earth , the divine power that started it and the strong relation between nature (environment) and human, are all common themes present in most creation stories. The Genesis (taken from the Bible) , the Pomo Indian story and the Aztec creation stories , are the stories that were thoroughly discussed in terms of the relation between humans and nature (environment).
One thing we seem to understand from all the texts is that us humans are responsible for the environment, and this responsibility gives us power, but even though we have this power that makes us superior to all other species and puts us at the top of the food chain, we should learn to appreciate this power rather than abuse it. In Genises, what proves that is that Adam was created from dust, which is basically the environment and Adam was given the divine right to rule Earth, he held the responsibility. In the Indian creation story, maybe the fact that he waited four days until he set earth free shows a sense of responsibility, that he didn’t let go of it too soon, in a sense, he waited for it to ripen.
Furthermore, in these stories, we found that the existence of human and nature is interdependent. In Genisis, they said Adam was created from dust and when a person dies, he returns to dust again. In Pomo Indian story, nature was created from armpit wax of two men and a hair from their head, so nature was depending on human parts (armpit wax and head). Also in Aztec, nature was created from human death. Humans that survived the disastrous consequences of the God’s fighting became animals (monkeys, fish and birds,) and the disasters themselves of their fighting resulted in nature, (fire, wind, water flood).
All of the above ideas are under or are a result of one main theme. Both nature and humans and the relation between them , are under the control of a divine power. In the Genesis story, God decided to create Nature and then humans and decided to give Adam the power and authority to cope with nature. And since Adam is under God’s control , disobeying God will put him in punishment. When he and Eve ate the forbidden fruit , they angered God , and they were punished . Adam was to suffer, search , and work hard to survive , Eve was to obey Adam and they both were to leave heaven and go to Earth. In the Pomo Indian story , the description of the Earth being tied around Marumda’s ear hole , indicates that its his possession and he is in control of it. As for the Aztec story, the death , creation of animals ,rebirth of humans from bones and a God’s blood drop was all due to the Gods’ decisions and battles.
In conclusion, these ideas , themes and views suggest ancient cultures and religions respected nature and saw man as a ruler of nature that is completely responsible for it and should not misuse it