The comparison between a Swedish subculture and the major Swedish culture

In our essay we have examined the differences between a Swedish subculture, the bohemian subculture, and the typical Swedish culture. We have done this with the support of a bohemian Swede and our own knowledge about the Swedish culture, with a support from literature that covers these cultures. In our essay we’ve looked into culture and subculture, how they work, how they are built, which components we can find in these. There are central and periphery values in these cultures that are important for our understanding of them. When you are writing about culture and their values and beliefs there is a risk of generalization and subjectivity but we have tried to remain objective and neutral to the subject as possible.

The bohemian subculture

The Swedish bohemian subculture has certain demands on their members. These demands are to be artistic, creative and to be judgmental to the society and its framework. The Swedish bohemian are more functional in comparison to more “hard-core bohemians”. In a culture you can see four things that define a culture, beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs. The beliefs that we have identified are a humanistic view of the human kind. The values that are portrayed are that the view of people should be free and human rights are important. The environmental view of life is the norms of the group, take the train instead of flying for example. The social beliefs discuss the capitalistic views of life and the bohemians express a disguise for the behavior when you spend thousands on something that are unnecessary.

The typical Swedish culture

Beliefs of the Swedish culture that we have identified are about the pressure of producing something in your life that is worth something. Sweden used to be a religious country, but nowadays the religious beliefs are secondary. Equality between all people, female and male, foreigner or domestic are a good way of defining what values the typical Swede believes in. The biggest norm, that connects to beliefs, are individuality. Each man are expected to live on his own to reach a independency from the state, society, work and family, in Sweden it is for example very unusual that an elder lives with his family, usually the elder lives in a retirement home instead. The social beliefs that we have identified are shortly about time. To be on time and respecting other peoples times are something that are very important. Are you late, then you are rude to the person waiting for you.

This comparison was very interesting when we realized that the two cultures affect each other and that the Swedish culture is always changing and evolving with the society’s changes. 

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51 Responses to The comparison between a Swedish subculture and the major Swedish culture

  1. ZHANG Ruochi says:

    I think the reachers are quilt rational when doing this research. On the one hand they first give definition for culture, so that readers could better understand what they are talking about, otherwise different person could have different views on what culture is.” You can find four things that define a culture, beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs.”

    On the other hand, they also think in different ways when doing the research, for example, though their aim is to find the common things in Swedish, they still admit that “here is a risk of generalization and subjectivity”.

    I think these are good points that we could learn and use in our future research .

    ZHANG Ruochi

  2. -Kirin- says:

    Studying a culture is a very funny topic I think. There are a lot of ways to look at a culture, such as what the people believe in, what they eat, what their history is. This time the author chooses to study their belief, but I do not think the author hit the point from the data.

    The main idea of this study I think is to see if the core belief shifts in the subculture from the culture. However, the author did not neither point out the core belief of the Swedish nor the bohemian. As a result, I, as a reader, cannot justify whether the subculture is a branch from the culture or a totally different thing against the culture.

    I think this study can be furthered by justifying the core belief of the two cultures.

    Sou Ka Lon

  3. Ma Ka Wai says:

    I think it is interesting to investigate the differences between a main culture and a subculture which can reveal many subtle differences within a country.
    In the article, culture can be defined by the values, beliefs and norms which are mentioned in the article. However, they are so abstract, so it is good that the article provides some examples such as elder lives in the typical Swedish culture which can make me more easily to understand and imagine those abstract values and norms.
    However, there is a problem of the article, that is, even though the article talks about differences between the bohemian subculture and the typical Swedish culture, I think some of these differences may not be completely different in a deeper level. For example, in the bohemian subculture, one of the important values is people should be free which is quite similar to the individuality that emphasized in the typical Swedish culture, it is because freedom can imply a lack of interference by other people which is a element of individuality.

    Ma Ka Wai

  4. Tsang Ka Chun says:

    First, interpreting a culture needs a comprehensive image of what this culture is involved. That is the reason why the author was paid special attention not to explain the results subjectively (ethnocentrism) by looking for the differences between the traditional and Bohemian culture.
    In my opinion, the results should be best drawn by the Swedish people as they must have greater understanding why such differences emerge.

    Second, despite trying to look for sub-cultural differences is an interesting research topic, the “sub-cultures” need to be defined more clearly with more examples. For example, who should be categorized into one group, and the real critical reason to distinguish between them. Saying Bohemian culture is generally creative, artistic while the traditional Swedish culture is more respective towards equality does not make the picture clearer. It is possible that the former group also share a lot of similarities with the later group, especially they are both said to be Swedish.

    Tsang Ka Chun

  5. Ben Choi says:

    I think the writer of the essay cannot explain his conclusion in a concrete way. He mentioned that the two cultures are similar with respect to the four areas.

    However, these areas could also be similar to western culture instead of just in Sweden. For example, human rights and freedom of human is an important value worldwide not only to these two cultures. Also, being punctual is also a social belief that is valid among many cultures. So the main message I want to say is we should think critically that is this the result of globalization rather than the mutual synchronization of these two cultures.

    Choi Ka Ho

  6. Fu Ching Man 1155016431 says:

    I thinks writer has made a clear point on the four aspects defining a culture. However, more distinct characteristics of those cultures can be given in order to show the real difference between them. Perhaps some underlying reasons or historical supports can be raised out to make the article more convincing.

    Moreover, I also agree that the bohemian may be a branch of the typical Swedish culture instead of an entire different culture. Perhaps a further investigation can be made on it.

  7. Amanda Fu says:

    I thinks writer has made a clear point on the four aspects defining a culture. However, more distinct characteristics of those cultures can be given in order to show the real difference between them. Perhaps some underlying reasons or historical supports can be raised out to make the article more convincing.

    Moreover, I also agree that the bohemian may be a branch of the typical Swedish culture instead of an entire different culture. Perhaps a further investigation can be made on it.

  8. Yuen Ming Tang, Brian 1155004199 says:

    Two Swedish cultures are compared along the four defining elements of culture. Despite their cultural relatedness, discrepancies could still be identified. It provokes me to contemplate the cultural conflict between Hong Kong and Mainland.
    In spite of the same nationality and geographical proximity, the two groups differ prominently in daily habits and cognitive thinking. It is often said that Mainland Chinese have a strong sense of favoritism and in-group spirit while Hong Kong counterparts eye on individual capability.
    ‘Blood is thicker than water’ goes the saying. Whatsoever the difference, one fact no one can deny is ‘We are all Chinese’.

  9. Elim s1155004960 says:

    Extended from the writers’ observation on the impact of subculture, I reckon that personality also plays a part in culture. “Appropriate behaviors” were defined and interact within group. The values were hen taught to next generation, in another words, the personalities that were cherished the most would be emphasized. A group of people might vary in their accentuation on certain trait, beliefs or behaviors, which might be different from their original culture and evolved into another subculture. Therefore it is not only interesting in how two culture influence each other, but also how personality contributes to culture is also fascinating.

    Wong Yee Lam Elim

  10. Yeung Kin Chung Michael 1155003021 says:

    There is in fact a lack of conclusion despite the comparison of the elements of bohemian subculture and typical Swedish culture. Are these elements between the two cultures fundamentally similar or different? There seems to be a lack of answer.

    Furthermore, the writers mentioned that this comparison was very interesting. How interesting is it in reality? I am looking forward to reasons that make the comparison interesting and meaningful.

    Nevertheless, I appreciate the attitude the writers hold when carrying out these comparisons i.e. being as objective as possible. The support from literature definitely provides a solid ground for such comparisons to be made with high validity.

    Yeung Kin Chung Michael 1155003021

  11. Kwok Wing Tung 1155004992 says:

    Culture is an interesting topic to explore. For me, examine different cultures within the same country is very interesting because I original thought a country should only has one culture, this article shaped my belief. The author proposed there are four factors to define a culture, which are beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs. But I suspect other than the things of a person’s mind, behavior should also take an important role in define a culture because culture is information that is socially acquired and capable of affecting behaviors. Moreover, I think the culture examples given by the author are not supportive enough. For example, to be on time seems to be a common value share by the whole world instead of category as charters of typical Sweden culture.

    Kwok Wing Tung

    • @KwokWingTung

      Cultures and countries are only very loosely tied – consider culture more like a fractal (albeit that there is an end i.e. a person). Have you not heard of sub-cultures? If sub-cultures are in existence it is possible to belong to many e.g. the type of music you listen to, the politics you lean towards the religion you follow…the country you live in the – country you were born in. Some cultures have a global span some don’t. Understanding the cultural differences for the purpose of business transactions for instance is usually when there is more understanding of how a nation behaves, or moreover, what a culture with object to. With this greater understanding brings tolerance which in so being changes our behaviour for the future – therefore cultures are not a static thing but constantly changing as result of ‘the world we live in’.

  12. Cheng Ka Lai, Kelly (1155031657) says:

    I think the study and comparison of the mainstream culture and subculture is always fascinating and interesting. Culture exists in our everyday life and it is what we cannot get rid of when we are living in a society.

    I appreciate that the researchers covered the topic of “how the cultures are built” as I hold the belief that when we want to learn about a culture, we have to learn its historical developments and the picture behind it. I agree that it is also important to remain objective and neutral when we try to analyze cultures.

    However, I suggest that the sources and references of the study could be broader. For example, questionnaires on the life style, beliefs, social beliefs of Swedes. The support from only a bohemian Swede may not be all-round enough.

    At last, I am interested in how the two cultures are different or contradict, as the article doesn’t mention it in detail. It would be more interesting to include how the people struggle between or integrate the mainstream and sub-culture in their daily life.

    Cheng Ka Lai, Kelly

  13. Chan Pui Yee 1155017108 says:

    The article is very interesting.It provides an insight of how people often fall into over-generalizing people according to their mainstream culture.

    It should be known that the formation of a culture is so complicated.Taking Chinese as an example,with the huge national area,Chinese are not only composed of “Han” but other minority groups.We should be cautious to notice that some characteristics that the mainstream population possess may not be found in the sub-group members,just like the case of typical Swedish and Swedish bohemian.

    Therefore,when conducting cultural study ,this variable should be taken into account. Meanwhile,the relation of mainstream culture and the sub-culture is interactive.They can be affected by each other from time to time during the two group of people are interacting.I think how the interaction among groups in affecting the formulation of cultural characteristics can be studied further. .

    Chan Pui Yee

  14. Yuen Cheuk Lam, Cheuky (1155011970) says:

    This essay gives us an insight into the major comparison between the Swedish bohemian subculture and the typical culture of Sweden. There is a fair comparison between them in terms of the four aspects, which are beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs. However, I do believe that it would be better if the author provides more concrete examples to support the abovementioned aspects, for example how their daily behaviors reflect that they place the importance on humanistic view, freedom, artistry and creativity, etc. If these examples are included in the essay, the content and the idea will be clearer and more fruitful.

    In my opinion, it is truly an interesting essay. The reason is that when people think of the culture of a country, the features that come up in my mind may probably be the stereotypical images of that particular country. Therefore what I would like to point out is that this essay does not only give me an insight into the culture of this fascinating country, but also give me a chance to reflect on the cultures of my own society.

    We often overlook other subcultures in our own society other than the one we belong to, and this often occurs when we are thinking about our own culture. This essay allows me to rethink the fact that there is always interrelationship between the typical culture and all the other subcultures. And they are affecting and shaping one another and give rise to the “typical” cultures that we observe today.

    Yuen Cheuk Lam, Cheuky

  15. ZHU Chen (1009610831) says:

    Thank you for briefly introducing your essay topic on the differences between bohemian subculture and typical Swedish culture. You’ve made it clear that bohemians are more artistic and hold a critical view to society, whereas typical Swedish people value equality; bohemian humanistic view of human beings is shown by their focus on freedom and human rights, whereas typical Swedish people stress individuality; bohemians despise prodigality, whereas typical Swedish people dislike unpunctuality.
    I was yet confused at some points, for instance the differences among the defining components of culture and the accuracy to apply them in your study. I also would like to know more about your study method, which, given the introductory nature of this blog, will take me to your full essay.

  16. Jin Liudi, Yolanda says:

    While reading this article, there are two questions come up into my mind. First of all, is it convincing and accurate enough to give a description of the bohemian subculture by interacting with only one bohemian Sweden?(mentioned in the 1st paragraph) Secondly, as described in Wikipedia, “a subculture is a group of people within a culture (whether distinct or hidden) which differentiates them from the larger culture to which they belong”. In this article it didn’t show clear evidence that whether the values appreciated by the subculture is not shared by the main culture or the unique origin or expressing ways of the subculture. Besides, the article draw a conclusion as the two culture influence each other which is not much mentioned.
    However, the article really brought an interesting point to our mind that cultures mix and shape each other, so the appreciation and learning of the valuable points of the subculture may have a good influence on the mainstream culture society.

    Jin Liudi, Yolanda

  17. LAU Yann Ling 1155004125 says:

    As globalization becomes more and more obvious, subcultures became increasingly common and diverse. Almost every place have its own subculture, and nearly all main cultures are affected (at least to some degree) by a foreign culture. Some say the world is becoming a village – there is certainly some truth in this saying.

    This essay has been enlightening in a way it provokes me to think of the future development of cultures – which one will gain popularity? which one will eventually fade out? Will they conflict against one another? Or will they grow in similarity and merge? Any how, it is good to have different cultures because a diverse society teaches it people to be more accepting and harmonious. Personally, I think a place with more subcultures are more exciting to live in.

    However, it is difficult to evaluate the subjectivity and the accuracy of this essay because we are laymen to the Swedish cultures. Even with research on the internet, we lacked real-life interactions with the locals so it is still hard to judge.

    Just one suggestion -To compare 2 cultures, it is better to use 2 paragraphs to talk about their similarities and differences, rather than illustrating the cultures separately.

    LAU Yann Ling 1155004125

  18. Chan Yi Ching 1155011640 says:

    Evolving culture can be seen outside of Sweden. One reason could be that the younger generation holds different beliefs and values to the older generation. So when the society is replenished by the ‘younger’ generation, the culture might undergo some changes, and as the process repeats itself, it is evolving with time. However, I remember learning that being passed on from generation to generation is part of the definition for a culture. It’s interesting to see a contradiction here, where parts of the culture may fail to be passed on. But, hopefully the defining features of the different cultures will remain, for there are variations around the globe, making the world more worthwhile and fascinating to explore. After all, a culture in the general sense can be a big category, involving people of several races or from several countries, and hence a lot of room for exploration into significant subcultures too.

    Chan Yi Ching 1155011640

  19. Cheng Wai Sum says:

    Usually, comparing cultures involves cultures with geographically differences. However, in this essay, it is interesting that subculture and the main culture were investigated. I appreciate the attitude the researchers took that they would like to be objective and neutral to the subject in the investigation. However, I also wonder why there are not any similarities stated in a “comparison” research between these two cultures and doubt if the differences might be exaggerated if the researchers aimed to find the differences. Moreover, the essay seemed to lack the conclusion about the comparison which should be appeared in a research.

    Cheng Wai Sum (1155006698)

  20. Wong Wai San 1155015223 says:

    Making comparison between a subculture and the major culture is fun and inspiring. This article gives me some general ideas about the differences between major Swedish culture and bohemian subculture.
    But I think it will be good to find more bohemians instead of just one to give information about the subculture. As different people may give various ideas of what they think about their own culture. Imagine that Psychology department is a subculture of a university which is the major culture. Different psychology students probably have different thoughts about their own department. It will be wise to collect more ideas before drawing the conclusion.
    And some of the cultural differences mentioned are not that discrete. For example, bohemian subculture demands their members to be creative while Swedish culture encourages people to create something worthy in life. They actually shares the similarity. Or bohemian values human rights and Swedish culture values equality, again, they can refer to each other.
    If the author can give more concrete examples to show the differences, then this article can be even better.

  21. U Hoi Teng 1155001729 says:

    The topic is an interesting one to understand the diversity of cultures within a country. The author emphasized objectivity at the very beginning, but simply doing the comparison based on “own knowledge about the Swedish culture” might have broken the stand. Though with literature support, it was possible the authors would.ignore the existence of other versions

    Moreover, as many comments have already stated, the definitions of culture and subculture are not clear enough. When you are telling me culture includes norms, social beliefs, values and whatever, it is just like when somebody asks you what ‘food’ is, and you would say food includes meat, fruits, vegetable. But at the end, what is ‘food’ actually’? Also,what subculture is? Is it derived from a mainstream culture?

    On the other hand, the essay is talking about different aspects and examples of cultures for the typical Swedish culture and the bohemian subculture. I do not think they are comparable. If you are telling me both their views towards time, then it is fine. But the case is not.

    I believe this is a rough summary of the research, as from the article, I do not see how the authors came up with the conclusion. I hope to read more about it.

    U Hoi Teng 1155001729

  22. Cheuk Hiu Ying 1155015764 says:

    Culture contains many things and it is very complex. In this article, it tries to classify the most typical charateristics of Swedish culture and bohemian subculture in four aspects. It is good to define what is culture before comparing two cultures. However, it is difficult for me to think about how the main culture and subculture influence with each other since the article just state the typical charateristics of each culture.
    For example, I can understand that the values of Swedish culture and bohemian subculture are similar (both about human right and fairness). But it is hard for me to understand the relation of the norms in two culture. It would be better to explain more in details and illustrate how main culture and subculture affect each other.
    Cheuk Hiu Ying (1155015764)

  23. Wang Yiling says:

    I think the topic is really interesting. It isn’t merely a report on one individual culture. Instead, it compares the subculture with a major culture and try to find out the relationship between them.
    As is shown in the article, the Swedish bohemian subculture demands their members to be artistic, creative and to be judgmental to the society and its framework. In another words, the humanistic view and freedom are proposed in bohemian subculture. As for the typical Swedish culture, Equality between all people and individuality of each people are substituting religion and becoming the most important part of their culture.
    It is noticeable that the two kinds of culture have an influence on each other and evolving in the direction of common believes. I think we can study the personality of people in subculture and major culture. Maybe their personality are also changing in the same direction.

    Wang Yiling

  24. Shana says:

    It was great to learn how typical Swedish culture and subculture (Bohemian culture) are different from each other. When I was young, I have felt quite interested in Bohemian culture. I thought Bohemian people have the coolest culture in the world: they don’t care anything but their emotion. Because of their free culture, in my point of view at that time, Bohemian people looked even a bit aggressive. But it was surprising that Bohemian culture value human right as well as freedom.
    Also, I am curious whether there is any difference between Gypsy culture and Bohemian culture. I found them pretty much the same, but somehow Gypsy seems to have more negative connotation than Bohemian.
    For the analysis of typical Swedish culture, I agree with the article to the great extent as I can see from some of my Swedish friends that they, indeed, very appreciate individualism and equality.

    Overall, it was a interesting comparison. Yet, it would have been even better if there is some historical background about ‘why’ their culture became like so.

    HAN, Sang Ah, Shana (1155015154)

  25. Yiu Ka Yan (1155017264) says:

    The researcher stated the cultural differences between bohemian subculture and the typical Swedish culture. It is interesting to see how these two different cultures affect and interact with each other.
    The interaction may be due to the improvement of transportation and communication in recent decades. With better transportation, people can travel around by plane and access to remote area. They can study, admire and learn different cultures from these places. Also, advanced communication like internet facilitates the flow of information and ideas. Young teenage group which is willing to accept new ideas is exposed to such environment. They share their own culture to other people and learn other cultures they like and agree quickly. Such process helps the interaction of different culture exchange in the world, but not only between bohemian subculture and the typical Swedish culture.

    Yiu Ka Yan (1155017264)

  26. Charlotte Chiu s1155003258 says:

    I have visited Sweden a year before and I found Swedish People are very polite and disciplined, at the same time, while the atmosphere of the country is very relaxing, free and creative features are found everywhere. After reading the description of these two cultures, I thought I really experienced the mixture of culture by then. It is hard to draw a clear boundary between cultures, as it is always modifying and mixing with each other. However, culture is an unbreakable part when investigating people’s behavior and thoughts, especially how they react to society’s changes and people they meet, therefore, understanding the culture of the subject living in is very important when we carry out any psychological related research or experiments.

    One of the thing I would like to know more, is the formation and some reasons behind these two cultures, if it can be provided, it would be easier for us to understand more about contemporary Swedish cultures.

  27. Chau Hang Sze (1155015797) says:

    This article is totally novel to me as I’m not familiar with Swedish cultures. There are lots of reasons contributing to the formation of a particular culture; such as the regions people are living in, their history or religions. During ancient periods, each country has distinct and unique cultures. And as technologies keep improving, cultures could be exchanged via Internet and media. I could observe that some aspects of the typical Swedish culture, like equality, are quite similar to the dominant worldview which many people are advocating.
    I am interested to know more about the Swedish Bohemian culture, especially the formation of it. Is it due to the history of those members or the places where they live?

  28. Chong Wing Lam 1155009099 says:

    The essay presents a summary of some of the characteristics of Swedish bohemian subculture and Swedish culture. Still I would like to learn more about different aspects of their beliefs, values and norms so that a more detailed comparison can be made and corresponding causes and outcomes can be studied. For instance, for social beliefs, the authors focused on the Swedish bohemian economic behavior yet emphasized the Swedish interpersonal behavior, which does not allow a comprehensive comparison and interpretation. More research could be carried out to further our understanding of this topic in accordance with this direction. Nevertheless, the essay provides an informed introduction to the study of the two cultures.

    Chong Wing Lam 1155009099

  29. Chan Tze Chun 1009617953 says:

    It is good to begin the passage with a definition of “culture” by scoping into 4 elements. However, I think it is too vague to conclude a culture just by these four elements.

    This is because culture should include everything tiny things happen in a region. For example, belief and values, this definition works badly especially when they face multi-races nation. There are so many tribes in a single society. Is it easy to tell which side should be the right side even they are in opposing stand?

    Moreover, this passage suggested a model of ”typical Swedish culture” . Is it really differ from other western countries? What really means by the Swedish own culture? Should it should something unique? From these few passage, “eager to produce something worth something”, “pursue of equality”, “not willing to be late”, these features are too general and happen in many place all over the world.

    Plus, It would be better if the passage can give an insight on what “subculture in Swedish” is.

    Anyway, an objective research on culture is hard to conduct, and I do hope I could find the answer through reading the whole passage of “comparing Swedish subculture and major Swedish culture.

  30. YANG MANLU says:

    This article mainly describes the differences between Swedish culture and bohemian subculture rather than evaluate them, and the author tried his best to write this article objectively, which is very conscientious and professional. Moreover, the author discussed the culture differences in several aspects, one by one, so that the structure is very clear.
    The topic is quite interesting, but if more practicality and application about this research result are shown, readers would be more persuaded and the research would be more meaningful.

    1155002022, YANG MANLU

  31. Chang Heidi 1155003295 says:

    Talking of Swedish culture, I am impressed by how Sweden maintain the cultural and lifestyle ideal of many of her counterparts. Upholding equality without offsetting individuality; valuing human rights the same way as she values abilities, these all appear more than appealing when you compare them with the Asian norm which gives honor to fame and wealth. In the past, I would attribute largely the phenomenon to swedish Socio-democratic culture, yet, after a year of stay in Sweden, I realized “culture” itself doesn’t stand alone. It is which that lays reference for her people to act on, and in turn, sustain the culture of the country. Though individual’s personality tends to be stable and intrinsically acquired, culture somehow plays a certain role. I recalling meeting Swedes with very diverse personality and yet it is not difficult to distinguish an American from the group who apparently doesn’t differ a lot in dressing style nor socializing skills, but that culturally hinted personality.

    Chang Heidi

  32. Ng Chun Yin (1155005540) says:

    I find the article quite fascinating as it truly broadens my horizons concerning the cultures of Sweden. However, I think it would be a lot better if this research had support from more bohemian Swede since only one bohemian Swede might not be able to provide sufficient and complete knowledge about the beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs of the bohemian subculture; even if he/she could, having a few more bohemian Swede participated in the research could confirm the findings and make them more convincing. Furthermore, this article would be more comprehensive if the author enlightened his/her readers of how the two cultures affect each other and how society’s changes affect the Swedish culture.
    Anyways, I appreciate that this article digs into the cultures from four different aspects so that we can have a better understanding of them. I am especially fascinated by how independence is valued in the typical Swedish culture to the point that elders usually do not live with their family but in retirement home, as filial piety in Chinese culture encourages us to take care and live with our elder parents.

    Ng Chun Yin

  33. Chen Chu says:

    Culture is an interesting topic, especially comparison between main culture and subculture. This article briefly introduces an essay about cultural difference between typical Swedish culture and bohemian culture. At the beginning, it talks about the method used in cultural research and mentions the risk of generalization and subjectivity when doing the research. Next, it roughly compares the difference between these two cultures from four dominations, beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs.
    Admittedly, this article is interesting and constructive. However, it says little about the similarity of these two cultures and situations of these two places which may lead to some confusion for readers.

    Chen Chu

  34. Po Wing Ho 1155017218 says:

    The article provides me interesting information on the typical Sweden culture and bohemian subculture. There are descriptions on the values each culture weighs. It is clear to see what is expected in one culture and give a general picture of the characteristics of people within. To address the objectives of article, I think more parts are talking about how it works then how it builds. Thus more information on later is expected.
    As the main focus is on the differences between two cultures, personally I prefer using separate paragraphs to contrast their values or beliefs along a dimension.

    Po Wing Ho

  35. Aretha Chui Hiu Ching 1155015588 says:

    From the passage, it is said that the two cultures are compared. However, it is hard to see any obvious comparison. It is just stating the differences in values and beliefs in the bohemian subculture and the typical Sweden culture, but not how they interact and affect each other which leads to the cultural changes between bohemian and sweden people.
    On the other hand, I personally think that the Swedish culture is somehow like the American culture, that both cultures emphasize on individualism. This maybe because of the interactions of different nations in the world.

  36. Sin wai yee 1155002727 says:

    I am bewildered by one cultural phenomenon stated in the post. That is Swedish elder usually live in a retirement home. It is an example of Swede belief for independency. However, I wonder who want to reach the independency, the children or the granny. If it is the former, our traditional Chinese culture which emphasizes filial piety, would consider it inappropriate. If it is the latter, considering living with strangers, the elder should enjoy less privacy. Why they prefer living in retirement house. And I think if everyone really cherishes individuality, people shouldn’t interfere with each other even they live under the same roof. I am curious about the reason why they usually live in a retirement home.

  37. Lung Yue Kiu says:

    It’s an interesting research to compare the typical Swedish culture with the bohemian subculture. The study defines culture clearly with the four aspects, beliefs, values, norms and social, so reader can have a similar view on culture. However, when the researchers are doing the comparison, the examples are not supportive enough. In my opinion, some historical background or findings could be raised. Moreover, examples can make the article easier to be understood.
    In addition, as the article didn’t mention much about how the two cultures interact, more comparison can be made before drawing this conclusion.

    Lung Yue Kiu Cutes

  38. Choi Yiu Ting Angus says:

    It is a very interesting topic to study how culture norms affect how people from different culture interacts to form a society and how their interactions lead to change in society. However, I think that culture factor is a less dominant factor that leads to social change, compared with other factors like political views

    In my opinion, people with different personality in a society would obviously lead to different social norms, believes, etc. However it is not the only culture that drives changes in society. Since even individuals in a same culture would have different believes, especially in politics views. In every culture there are people being democratic or conservative. By dividing people behavior by their political view, we would observe the reason behind the social change easier, as people would respond to government policies ( ie society bahavior is susceptible to government policy.)

    To prove that culture factor is an important factor leading to such a society change, the author should give concrete examples in the essay, but however there are no examples. Besides, people from outside of the society would view different to those in the society as they are less exposed to it and they do not have enough time to see the whole picture of the society. Thus the validity of the results can be questioned.

    Choi Yiu Ting Angus

  39. POON MING KEI 1155004067 says:

    It is a fascinating topic that culture of a society and its sub-sulture are interacting with each other, yet they still express quite different social value. The writer defines culture with four main factors, namely, its beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs. Though culture may include more than that, like economic sturcture, social structure etc, I think it is still an appropriate measure to investigate the culture of a society.

    Meanwhile, I think the comparison of the cultures can be stated more clearly. The writer stated some of the elements of the culture, yet failed to compare the two in a clear manner which make the interaction of the two unclear.

    However, the writer stated one very special opinion which stated that the biggest norm in the Swedish culture, that connects to its beliefs, are individuality. Prokoing my thinking, whether when everyone is aiming to be individualized, do we still have a particular culture or social norm? I really doubted that.


  40. So Kei Yuen 1155003367 says:

    It is interesting to see that the culture and sub-culture mentioned is quite different. The Bohemian is described to be more creative and judgemental, and they emphasize on human rights. While for the typical Swedish emphasize that one should produce something worthy, and they are individualist. In other words, they are more practical and independent.
    We couldn’t see a very obvious comparison in this article, but I believe the major difference in their culture is Bohemian would be relatively creative, while Swedish is very practical which would hinder creativity.
    By the way, I think the writer should explain the relationship between Bohemian and Sweden. For example, it is better to explain the reason why Bohemian would develop a sub-culture of Sweden, so as to give more background information for easy understanding of readers.

    So Kei Yuen

  41. Lam Pui Sze says:

    The investigation of the relationship between a main culture and a subculture is worth studying. And as residents in Hong Kong, this may be particularly relevant to us as we ourselves are experiencing such a similarity and contrast in between a Chinese culture and a Hong Kong culture.

    With culture being a relatively broad term, it is indeed hard to identify specific traits and avoid being general. The writer did a good job in trying to summarize behaviors and values from the two cultures, yet, better organization and categorization would be expected to be seen.

    Apart from the above, as a reader, I am also interested in the causes of such diversity in cultures. For instance, in Hong Kong, it is mainly historical background that causes cultural differences between Hong Kong and China. Would the differences in Sweden and Bohemia caused by historical factors, regional factors or any other things else? At the end of the article, the author said, ‘the Swedish culture is always changing and evolving with the society’s changes’ How does the culture change with societal changes? These questions may provide insights in studying factors affecting and differentiating people’s behaviors, as cultures are indeed defined and depicted by a group’s behaviors.

    Lam Pui Sze

  42. Cheng Yuen Ting 1155017360 says:

    The writer of the article can clearly state the main culture and subcultures of Sweden. It can give the reader a brief picture of Swedish cultures. As the article said, the comparison between cultures is interesting. I believe typical culture and subcultures are always correlated in some senses. I am a bit disappointed that the writer didn’t further elaborate their correlation and compare them. Maybe further investigation can be done on it. After reading this article, I believe that bohemian subculture may be a branch of the typical Swedish culture but not an entire different culture as they do not have contradiction.

  43. LIAO TIANYE says:

    This essay discusses the differences between a Swedish subculture and the major Swedish culture. It is an innovative topic but it may be better to state the reasons of this research and the applications of the findings. Thus readers can understand the importance of this research and have a better understanding of this topic.
    It is a trustworthy method to define the typical Swedish culture from literature as long as the articles are representative. However, interviewing only one person to obtain the knowledge of the bohemian subculture may seem not sufficient. In order to acquire a comprehensive understanding of this subculture, it may be better to collect information from more people.
    It is a bright idea to decompose culture into four aspects, making the comparison part structured and easy to comprehend. The article only listed the different characteristic of each culture according to the four perspectives separately and it may be better if there is a paragraph directly comparing the differences of the two culture.
    Overall, the summary gives interesting information and I wish to read the origin paper and gain more insight into this topic.


  44. Tse Kin Cheung says:

    After reading this article, i think this article makes a good definition of culture. It makes me have a clear undetstanding of what is culture. However, it would be better to provide more concrete examples of the cultures.

    Tse Kin Cheung

  45. WAN Tsz Kit says:

    Though how opposite traditional Swedish culture and bohemian subculture seem, we can still see a trace of how dominant culture can affect the manifestation of subculture from the essay. The author mentioned in second paragraph that Swedish bohemian subculture is “more functional” than original Bohemian culture. That means in being artistic and creative, Swedish bohemians still have to bring purposes and values to society. This deviates from the original Bohemian culture in other parts of Europe about being carefree and purposeless. This deviation could perhaps be attributed to the dominant Swedish culture which emphasizes “producing something in life that worth something”. It is fascinating to see how dominant or majority culture comes into effect in transforming an imported culture into a unique subculture of its own.

    Moreover, the clash of utilitarian traditional Swedish culture and artistic Bohemian culture makes me think of the renowned Swedish furniture brand IKEA. The combination of both utility and creativity in its furniture makes IKEA products unique and unmatched by other brands. It would perhaps by interesting to further investigate on how a culture can be transformed into different manifestations when it is migrated into different places. A good case study will be Hong Kong, where Western culture came into place during colonial period and was influenced by traditional Chinese culture to take a unique new form and makes Hong Kong a city known for its ‘East meets West’.

    WAN Tsz Kit

  46. Lorraine Lee Lok Yan says:

    This reading has widened my knowledge about the Swedish culture and subculture, and brought me interest on the topic. In the passage, they tried to make distinct components about measuring “culture” (i.e. beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs). However, after reading it, I would say that they are not comparing the typical Swedish culture and the Swedish Bohemian subculture in specific according to the components that they have mentioned earlier. The Bohemian Swedish is more functional than the typical Swedish is the only comparison I can find. This makes confusion about the comparisons that they tried to make. At the same time, though they expressed that generalization has been concerned, without the cases of individual differences among the cultures, readers, especially those in the public, might be misled.

    I am also concerning about how the two cultures affect each other as well, as mentioned in the conclusion. It would be more inspiring if they wrote more about the inter-influences between, and how the two cultures were formed overtime.

    There is no doubt that the culture is always hard to be measured, and kept objective. At the same time, generalization is hard also a hard work. I would like to know more about the methodology of their research. From this short passage, there is the lack of support literatures, and clear results and findings from their research. In my opinion, this adversely affect the credibility of the work.

    Lee Lok Yan

  47. Quite an interesting reading we have here. I have never come across Swedish Bohemian culture before, and this definitely had brought me some ideas. My Knowledge on Sweden is mostly about music, old pop music to be more exact. From the epic ABBA to indie rock sensation The Cardigans, not to mention the famous rock duo Roxette and tons of death metal bands. Back to the traditional cultures, first I have to admit, it is much harder to find distinct words to explain the culture itself as well as avoiding generalization. In my opinion, the author has done a great job on introducing the two cultures, but had only described both in a vague manner, especially on typical Swedish culture. The information that provided from the passage is not enough to give justifiable comparison between the two, though my argument could only be valid after reading the actual paper. On the subject of changing and evolving brought by cultures, cultural integration plays major role in modern societies: not only within country, but also within countries; not only in the form of religions, but also in the form of customs. But my favourite is in form of food.

  48. Yiu Yat Pong 1155015645 says:

    Speaking of culture, this reminds me that there are always cultural differences involved when conducting research concerning different ethnic groups. Apart from the analytic view of how a particular subculture is formed by the author, I would like to see how social norms set by a culture would affect someone’s personality.
    Just like Fraud’s theory, superego act like the moral guide to a person’s behavior, tell him/her what should or shouldn’t do. But where do the superego know what behavior is appropriate and what isn’t? I think social norms set by different culture do have certain effect on it.

    Yiu Yat Pong

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