In our essay we have examined the differences between a Swedish subculture, the bohemian subculture, and the typical Swedish culture. We have done this with the support of a bohemian Swede and our own knowledge about the Swedish culture, with a support from literature that covers these cultures. In our essay we’ve looked into culture and subculture, how they work, how they are built, which components we can find in these. There are central and periphery values in these cultures that are important for our understanding of them. When you are writing about culture and their values and beliefs there is a risk of generalization and subjectivity but we have tried to remain objective and neutral to the subject as possible.
The bohemian subculture
The Swedish bohemian subculture has certain demands on their members. These demands are to be artistic, creative and to be judgmental to the society and its framework. The Swedish bohemian are more functional in comparison to more “hard-core bohemians”. In a culture you can see four things that define a culture, beliefs, values, norms and social beliefs. The beliefs that we have identified are a humanistic view of the human kind. The values that are portrayed are that the view of people should be free and human rights are important. The environmental view of life is the norms of the group, take the train instead of flying for example. The social beliefs discuss the capitalistic views of life and the bohemians express a disguise for the behavior when you spend thousands on something that are unnecessary.
The typical Swedish culture
Beliefs of the Swedish culture that we have identified are about the pressure of producing something in your life that is worth something. Sweden used to be a religious country, but nowadays the religious beliefs are secondary. Equality between all people, female and male, foreigner or domestic are a good way of defining what values the typical Swede believes in. The biggest norm, that connects to beliefs, are individuality. Each man are expected to live on his own to reach a independency from the state, society, work and family, in Sweden it is for example very unusual that an elder lives with his family, usually the elder lives in a retirement home instead. The social beliefs that we have identified are shortly about time. To be on time and respecting other peoples times are something that are very important. Are you late, then you are rude to the person waiting for you.
This comparison was very interesting when we realized that the two cultures affect each other and that the Swedish culture is always changing and evolving with the society’s changes.